Spotlight: The Redraw Remix

The Supreme Court heard arguments Wednesday over a constitutional challenge to South Carolina’s congressional map. Voting-rights groups allege Republicans in the state Legislature moved 30,000 Black residents from the coastal SC-01 into SC-06, held by Rep. Jim Clyburn (D), the only Democrat in the delegation.

“Democracy is a torch we all must bear—not an entitlement we can take for granted. It's a stain on our American character when we trade our nation’s bedrock principles for unjust, partisan gain,” former International African American Museum CEO Michael B. Moore (D) told reporters on the steps of the Supreme Court after the hearing. Moore is challenging Rep. Nancy Mace (R-SC 01).

The hearing coincided with the release of a new redistricting study from CHARGE, a coalition of redistricting and anti-gerrymandering groups, that gave a letter grade to the 2021-2022 reapportionment process in the 50 states based on how accurately the new lines represented voters.

The last apportionment process came in the wake of a series of lawsuits and new laws that popularized redistricting commissions across the country. But, as examples in Ohio and Utah showed, those commissions—designed to reduce gerrymandering—fall to partisan gamesmanship and are not created equal. Ohio Republicans ran out the clock to avoid passing a map with a supermajority, while Utah Republicans ignored the commission’s map and passed their own.

Utah received a “C–” from the coalition, as the process “reflected both the best redistricting and the worst of redistricting.” The report card found that the Independent Redistricting Commission took extensive input from the public, but the “congressional lines were approved by only Republican legislators.”

Ohio, on the other hand, received an “F.” CHARGE charged Ohio Republicans with deadlocking the Buckeye State’s complicated redistricting process, running out the clock, allowing the lines to be used despite multiple rejections from the state Supreme Court. The maps were passed along party lines.

“This redistricting cycle in Ohio provided a textbook example of the lengths elected officials will go to prioritize partisanship over fair representation,” the report said.

Democratic lawmakers in Illinois also received a failing grade for their gerrymander that added one Democratic seat to the delegation and reduced the number of Republican seats.

Redistricting fights still ongoing in New Mexico, Florida, Louisiana, Georgia, and with the balance of power in the House hinging on so many of these cases, the horse race and partisanship seems likely to continue to haunt the redistricting process.

James A. Downs
[email protected]


Quote of the Day

“You know, Hezbollah is very smart. They’re all very smart.”

— Former President Trump commenting on the war in Israel, Washington Post, 10/12.


Top News

Former President Trump and Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis (R) traded barbs over foreign policy. 

The last blank spaces of the GOP Senate map are filled in—except for Wisconsin.

RACE FOR THE HOUSE: Burning Down the House
Majority Leader Steve Scalise won the GOP speakership nomination, but is still well short of the 217 votes needed to secure the gavel.

Gov. Andy Beshear (D) raised $1.5 million in the last 30 days.


Curated by Zac Weisz 

FIELD OF REPUBLICANS: Trump Warns DeSantis, Praises Hezbollah in West Palm Beach

Former President Trump issued a threat to Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis (R) last night, warning him not to run for president in 2028 because of the “great disloyalty” he showed in running against him.

  • IN HIS OWN BACKYARD. “Trump also lambasted DeSantis for failing to address Florida's ongoing and worsening property insurance crisis, saying the governor was taking money from insurance companies to fund his campaign instead of governing Florida.”
  • FAMILIAR FOIL. Trump also faulted President Biden “and his administration’s response to the savage violence that has gripped Israel and the Gaza Strip since Saturday’s shocking attacks on civilians and hostage-taking by Hamas.” (Palm Beach Post)
  • TRUMP PRAISES TERRORIST ORGANIZATION. During his speech, Trump said Hezbollah—a terrorist organization based in Lebanon—was “very smart,” he called Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant a “jerk,” and said that Israel wasn’t ready for the attacks against them. (The Forward)
  • NOT BACKING DOWN THIS TIME. DeSantis rebuked Trump’s comments.
  • DESANTIS SAYS: “It is absurd that anyone, much less someone running for President, would choose now to attack our friend and ally, Israel, much less praise Hezbollah terrorists as ‘very smart.’” (Twitter)
  • THERE’S MORE WHERE THAT CAME FROM. DeSantis made another jab at Trump yesterday, saying that he wouldn’t dine with the Holocaust-denying white supremacist after the former president did just that last November. (CNN)
  • DESANTIS MAKES LARGE IOWA AD BUY. DeSantis’ campaign is launching a $2 million ad buy in Iowa. The ads will start to air in mid-November and will run through to the Jan. 15 caucus.
  • DO OR DESANTIS. “The move will make the campaign the first to reserve airtime in Iowa through the caucuses—and it underlines how important the state is to DeSantis’ presidential hopes.” (NBC News)
  • DESANTIS’ FLORIDA RECORD FACES SCRUTINY. DeSantis is leaning into his record as Florida governor in a bid to close the large gap with Trump, but questions remain over whether his performance has been as successful as he claims it to be.
  • DELAY OF THE LAND. DeSantis still has to sort out issues with property insurance, health coverage, and affordability of elder care. (Tallahassee Democrat)
  • DESANTIS TALKS ISRAEL IN IOWA. The Florida governor “spoke extensively about the onset of the war in Gaza during his latest campaign blitz through Iowa, telling caucusgoers and reporters how he would handle the crisis differently than” Biden.
  • BACK TO THE OLD PLAYBOOK. DeSantis “also mounted a quieter campaign to sway Iowa's faith communities, targeting” Trump for his opposition to Florida’s six-week abortion ban. (Des Moines Register)
  • BURGUM SLAMS BIDEN OVER ISRAEL. North Dakota Gov. Doug Burgum (R) slammed Biden during a speech yesterday at the Hudson Institute in D.C. for refusing to mention Iran during his public address regarding the conflict in Israel and Gaza. Burgum added that it was “Iran’s war in Israel.”
  • BURGUM PLEDGES TO STAY IN THE RACE UNTIL NEW HAMPSHIRE. After the address, Burgum affirmed to Hotline that he would stay in the race until at least the New Hampshire primary.
  • BURGUM SAYS: “If you want someone to drop out, maybe we should have people that have never created a job in the private sector … drop out, maybe people that have never worked in today’s economy, maybe people that have never worked in technology should drop out.” (Hotline reporting)
  • BURGUM FILES IN NEVADA. Burgum filed to join the Nevada presidential caucus. (KSNV)
  • TRUMP’S ANTI-IMMIGRANT RHETORIC FACES BACKLASH. Trump “has denigrated undocumented immigrants in recent weeks by accusing them of ‘poisoning the blood of our country,’ associating them with drug and alcohol use and portraying them as dangerous threats to Americans, prompting widespread criticism and denunciations of racism and xenophobia from immigrant and civil rights groups.” (Washington Post)

POLLING ROUNDUP: Polls Look Good for Trump

A nationwide Fox News/Beacon Research/Shaw & Company Research poll of GOP primary voters (Oct. 6-9; 449 RVs; +/-4.5%) found former President Trump leading the field with 59%, 46 points ahead of his nearest challenger. Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis (R) was second with 13%, former U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley (R) was third with 10%, and venture capitalist Vivek Ramaswamy (R) was fourth with 7%. Haley showed the best improvement from the corresponding poll in September, improving her total support by 5 points. (release)

  • WISCONSIN POLL. An Emerson College poll (Oct. 1-4; 532 RVs; +/-4.2%) found Trump leading President Biden in a theoretical general election matchup in Wisconsin, 42%-40%. Another 11% said they would vote for someone else, and 8% were undecided. (release)
  • PENNSYLVANIA POLL. An Emerson College poll (Oct. 1-4; 430 RVs; +/-4.7%) found Trump leading Biden in a theoretical general election matchup in Pennsylvania, 45%-36%. Another 11% said they would vote for someone else and 8% were undecided. (release)
  • HOTLINE ANALYSIS. Even with Haley’s recent polling rise, Trump remains way ahead of the rest of the primary field, meaning polls that preview a Biden-Trump rematch in the 2024 general election aren’t redundant. But there is over a year until Election Day. If a week is a long time in politics, then expect plenty of changes over the next year or so.

LAW AND ORDER DJT: Trump’s Lawyers Slam Special Counsel

Former President Trump’s lawyers accused special counsel Jack Smith of violating their client’s “due process rights by seeking to obtain a guilty verdict against him before Election Day in the two federal cases he is facing ‘no matter the cost.’” (New York Times)

REPUBLICANS: RNC Plans to Recruit Another Army of Poll Watchers

The RNC “plans to recruit and train tens of thousands of poll workers and watchers in battleground states for the 2024 election. It’s part of the RNC's push to mobilize on-the-ground ‘election integrity directors’ in crucial states ahead of the 2024 election.” (Axios)

  • NOT THE FIRST TIME. The committee made similar moves ahead of the midterms last year. (Washington Post)

DEMOCRATS: Biden Refuses to Sit on the Fence About Israel

President Biden himself ensured that his Tuesday speech in defense of Israel was unequivocal, dispensing with any watered-down language that appeared in the initial drafts.

  • BACKING ISRAEL UNEQUIVOCALLY. The president reportedly shot down any efforts from aides to pare back the language—much to the delight of pro-Israel Democrats. (Politico)
  • CRISIS BRINGS UNITY. “The crisis in Israel is offering an opportunity for Democrats to bridge a foreign policy divide that Republicans have exploited for years and to unify their party behind a president facing one of the biggest geopolitical challenges in the region in decades.” (New York Times)
  • BIDEN FILES IN NEVADA. Biden “has filed paperwork to appear on the Nevada Democratic primary ballot in February.” (NBC News)
  • PRO-BIDEN SUPER PAC HIRES PERMANENT EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR. Building Back Together, a pro-Biden super PAC, hired Mayra Macías as its new executive director. Macías had been serving in the role on an interim basis before the super PAC hired her to the position permanently. (release)
  • PRITZKER TRIES TO FLIP THE SCRIPT ON BIDEN’S AGE. Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker (D) tried to turn Biden’s greatest weakness into a source of strength, telling Wisconsin Democrats at a fundraising dinner last night that the president is embracing new ideas while former President Trump is promoting old ones. (NBC News)
  • BIDEN HAS ANOTHER CHALLENGER. Young Turks founder Cenk Uygur (D) will run against Biden for president, “offering himself as an alternative to an incumbent who ‘is definitely going to lose’ if he makes it to the general election.”
  • UYGUR WARNS THAT BIDEN WON’T DEFEAT TRUMP. Uygur “had repeatedly urged Biden to quit the race, calling his re-election bid ‘intensely selfish,’ and warning that it made a Trump victory likelier.”
  • THERE’S ONLY ONE PROBLEM. Uygur “was born in Istanbul, and immigrated to the United States from Turkey in 1978, but believed that the Constitution’s ‘natural born citizen’ clause wouldn’t disqualify him from running. The issue would end up in the Supreme Court, he said, and be a ‘slam dunk’ victory.” (Semafor)

Curated by Sydney Kashiwagi, [email protected] 

MONTANA: Matt Rosendale Losing the Cash Game as He Mulls Run

Rep. Matt Rosendale (R-02), who is considering a run against Sen. Jon Tester (D), said he raised just $335,000 in Q3 and entered October with $1.7 million cash on hand. (Daily Caller)

  • LOW ON CASH. Rosendale’s Q3 fundraising numbers dwarf in comparison to Tester, who said he raised more than $5 million with $13 million cash on hand heading into October, and also to former Navy SEAL Tim Sheehy (R), who raised $2.8 million in Q3.
  • HOTLINE ANALYSIS. Rosendale had been banking on the deep-pocketed conservative group Club for Growth to help him if he ran. But the group was later noncommittal on whether they would get behind Rosendale and said it plans to now “take a close look at that race and figure out what the best answer is.”

NEW JERSEY: Phil Murphy Won’t Appoint Wife

Gov. Phil Murphy (D) will not appoint his wife to fill Sen. Bob Menendez’s (D) seat if he resigns amid federal bribery charges he’s facing.

  • SHE’S THINKING ABOUT RUNNING. New Jersey first lady Tammy Murphy (D) has been considering getting in the race either challenging Menendez in a primary or running for an open seat if he does. (New Jersey Globe) Since Menendez’s indictment, Rep. Andy Kim (D-03) jumped in the race joining real estate lender Kyle Jasey (D).
  • ON THE GOP SIDE. Rep. Jeff Van Drew (R-02), a former Democrat, has not closed the door on a run and has said former President Trump would back him if he decides to run. If he enters the race he would join Mendham Mayor Christine Serrano Glassner (R), who jumped in last month and a few other lesser known Republican contenders.

PENNSYLVANIA: Casey Leads David McCormick in Early Poll

An Emerson College poll (Oct. 1-4; 430 RVs; +/-4.7%) found Sen. Bob Casey (D) leading 2022 candidate David McCormick (R) in a hypothetical matchup, 41%-33%. 18% were undecided. Casey also led McCormick in support among women, 44%-26%. Casey performed better among Hispanic, Black, and Asian voters. (release)

  • HOTLINE ANALYSIS. This is now the second recent poll that found Casey leading McCormick. In the last poll, Casey polled at 50% and led McCormick by a smaller margin. But the large share of undecided voters means this is far from over.

WISCONSIN: The World Waits for Eric Hovde

Real estate executive Eric Hovde (R), who is seen as Republicans’ best contender to take on Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D), has been meeting with prospective campaign staff who could serve on his team if decides to enter the Republican primary.

  • WAITING GAME. However, he appears to be in no rush to jump in the race, a move that may not happen until later this year or even next year if he does decide to run, Republican sources in Wisconsin say.
  • TBD. Hovde did not return requests for comment about his plans, but he told Hotline at the end of August he was “seriously considering” a run and would make a decision in “the next couple months.” But Republicans in Wisconsin have said a late entry into the race would not necessarily impact a candidate like Hovde, who could partially self-fund his race and still be running relatively early considering the state holds late primaries in August. (Hotline reporting)
  • IF IT LOOKS LIKE A DUCK. Though he hasn’t made a decision on a run, he does appear to be getting closer to a campaign. He recently sold off millions of dollars worth of stocks. He also sounded like a candidate running for high office this week when he criticized Baldwin for supporting the Iran Nuclear Deal after she called on the Biden administration to refreeze the $6 billion the White House planned to release to Iran amid the deadly attacks in Israel.
  • OTHER GOPS. Republicans’ top recruits, Reps. Tom Tiffany (R-07) and Mike Gallagher (R-08), passed on running for the seat and only two little known challengers have entered the race since then. Other than Hovde, controversial former Milwaukee County Sheriff David Clarke (R) and businessman Scott Mayer (R) could also get in the race. Mayer has kept a low profile in recent months while Clarke has been active on social media teasing plans for a possible run and taunting the NRSC.

Curated by James A. Downs[email protected]

RACE FOR THE HOUSE: Scalise Wins Nomination, Still Far From Gavel

Majority Leader Steve Scalise won the conference’s nomination for speaker yesterday, but as of publication, he doesn’t appear to have the votes to win the gavel, as several members say they’ll continue to vote for Rep. Jim Jordan (R-OH 04) on the floor. Jordan said he will offer a nomination speech for Scalise. (National Journal)

  • PATH TO 217. The “hard-core ‘Never Scalise’ vote is probably 20 to 30 members, although it’s hard to estimate.” (Punchbowl News)
  • HOTLINE ANALYSIS. It’s evident right now Scalise’s—or anyone’s—path to secure 217 votes is nigh impossible. Scalise and Jordan both have baggage that could come back to haunt them and make them easy targets from national Democrats. No matter how you slice it, it’s not a good look for the House GOP right now as members hope to protect a narrow majority.

FUNDRAISING ROUNDUP: Michelle Steel Posts Another Seven-Figures

The center-left New Democrat Coalition Action Fund announced raising $2.9 million in Q3.

  • CA-45. Rep. Michelle Steel (R) announced raising over $1 million and finished the quarter with over $2.4 million on hand. (Punchbowl News)
  • NC-13. State Rep. Erin Parè (R) announced raising $200,000 in the first month of her challenge to Rep. Wiley Nickel (D). (release)
  • NC-14. 2022 nominee Pat Harrigan (R) said he raised over $250,000 in the first month of his campaign against Rep. Jeff Jackson (D). (release)

PRIMARY ROUNDUP: Jerry Carl Rolls Out Endorsements

Rep. Jerry Carl (R-AL 01) rolled out 15 endorsements from state legislators in his new and old district, as well as 14 county commissioners and sheriffs. Among his endorsees is state Rep. Chris Pringle (R), who spearheaded the Legislature’s redistricting plan rejected by the federal court.

  • BIG PICTURE. The endorsements come amid a political shakeup in Alabama due new maps, and a potential member-on-member primary with Rep. Barry Moore (R-02), who has not yet announced his plans. (Yellowhammer News)
  • NJ-03. State Rep. Carol Murphy (D) launched her bid to replace Rep. Andy Kim (D-03), who is running for Senate. The district “became considerably more Democratic after redistricting.” Murphy is the current majority whip of the state Assembly.
  • THE POTENTIAL FIELD. State Sen. Troy Singleton (D), state Assemblyman Wayne DeAngelo (D), and Mercer County Clerk Paula Sollami Covello (D) are also eyeing bids. (New Jersey Globe)

REDISTRICTING ROUNDUP: Supreme Court Hears South Carolina Arguments

“The Supreme Court's conservative majority expressed skepticism Wednesday with a lower court's finding that a congressional district in South Carolina was racially gerrymandered in violation of the Constitution.” The conservative justices seemed skeptical of the lower-court ruling that ordered the state to redraw the coastal SC-01.

  • BY THE NUMBERS. The hearing focused on the “district court's finding that GOP lawmakers set a target of 17% Black voting-age population,” with Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson suggesting that number remained the same, even as the Republican map-making process evolved. Justice Samuel Alito said that is to be expected in a political gerrymander in a state where race and politics are so intertwined. (CBS News)
  • MACE CHALLENGER WEIGHS IN. Former International African American Museum CEO Michael B. Moore (D), who is challenging Rep. Nancy Mace (R-01), spoke on the steps of the Supreme Court prior to the hearing. He told Hotline he’s running regardless of the map and is building a platform to run under any lines. Moore said he’s more focused on kitchen-table issues than calling out Mace’s recent actions, but pointed to her aligning with the GOP’s far right. (Hotline reporting)
  • NEW MEXICO. The state GOP appealed a district-court ruling that found Democratic legislators’ gerrymander constitutional. The court found last week the Democrats “substantially” weakened GOP-voting power in NM-02, which used to lean Republican, but did not “rise to the level of an egregious gerrymander.” Some partisan gerrymandering is permissible under the New Mexico Constitution. (KUNM)
  • ROAD AHEAD. The challenge will be appealed directly to the state Supreme Court. One GOP strategist expressed tepid optimism the GOP could win the appeal. (Hotline reporting)

ARIZONA 01: Following the Money

Rep. David Schweikert (R) and his challengers “are using decidedly different fundraising strategies. Schweikert still had the most funds on hand at the end of June, but that could change when the next quarterly reports come out in mid-October.”

  • SCHWEIKERT. Most of Schweikert’s money comes from the real estate industry, as well as securities and investment industries. Schweikert sits on the tax-writing Ways and Means Committee and chairs its Oversight subcommittee.
  • CHERNY. Former state Asst. Attorney General Andrei Cherny (D) has used ActBlue to secure a chunk of his donations, and more Californians than Arizonans have maxed out their contributions to Cherny.
  • GÁLAN-WOODS. Former TV journalist Marlene Gálan-Woods (D) has secured a swath of donations from Republicans. Gálan-Woods is the widow of former state Attorney General Grant Woods (R) and has taken money from a Republican attorney who represented former state GOP Chair Kelli Ward’s challenge to the 2020 election.
  • HORNE. Orthodontist Andrew Horne (D) had raised $889,000 through the June 30 filing period but $750,000 was through a personal loan.
  • SHAH. State Rep. Amish Shah (D), also an emergency-room and sports-medicine doctor, has received 200 donations from “physicians, dentists, surgeons and other health care workers” as of his most recent filing. (Arizona Republic)

NEW YORK 03: New York Republicans to Introduce Santos Expulsion Measure

Reps. Nick LaLota (R-01), Anthony D’Esposito (R-04), Mike Lalwer (R-17), Marc Molinaro (R-19), Brandon Williams (R-22), and Nick Langworthy (R-23) will introduce legislation to expel Rep. George Santos (R-03).

  • FROM BAD TO WORSE. Federal prosecutors this week tacked on another 10 charges to Santos for identity theft. (Twitter)
  • FROM WORSE TO WORST. Former Rep. Tom Suozzi (D) also launched a comeback effort this week.

OHIO 09: Expect Debates in Northern Ohio

2022 candidate Craig Riedel (R), former Napoleon Mayor Steve Lankenau (R), and 2022 nominee J.R. Majewski (R) all agreed to debates as they try to take on Rep. Marcy Kaptur (D). Lankenau asked “for a series of five debates between now and March 2024.” (Sandusky Register)

OREGON 05: Former Staff Lobs Anonymous Complaints Against Jamie McLeod Skinner

“Former staff who worked closely with” 2022 nominee Jamie McLeod Skinner (D) “say her public persona and the labor-friendly policies she espouses as a candidate clash with her workplace behavior."

  • HORRIBLE BOSSES. "Five former employees and a consultant who spoke to the Capital Chronicle about their experiences described her as a nightmarish boss, who yelled at and berated her staff, corralled them into frequent hours-long meetings, texted them in the middle of the night and retaliated against those who stood up to her.” (Oregon Capital Chronicle)

Curated by Mary Frances McGowan[email protected]

KENTUCKY: Beshear Continues to Outraise Daniel Cameron

Gov. Andy Beshear (D) “continues to bring in heaps of money for his reelection bid,” raising $1.5 million in the last 30 days, according to his most recent fundraising report. The governor also reported $1.9 million in cash on hand.

  • CAMERON’S NUMBERS. State Attorney General Daniel Cameron (R) raised $529,000 and has $968,000 on hand.
  • YEAR TO DATE. “Beshear has raised around $18 million this entire gubernatorial cycle, including during the primary where he faced little serious competition. He first filed for re-election in late 2021. As of early September, Cameron had raised around $2.8 million during the primary and general election cycles.”
  • ON THE AIR. “Though Beshear’s campaign fundraising has thus far bested Cameron’s, outside groups have made up some of the difference in the advertisement wars. AdImpact reported on Wednesday that pro-Beshear groups, including the official campaign, have reserved $39.8 million in advertising compared to $21.3 million for groups supporting Cameron.” (Lexington Herald-Leader)

MISSOURI: Another Democrat Could Enter the 2024 Race

House Minority Leader Crystal Quade (D) “could face competition from within her party as she campaigns for Missouri governor in 2024.” Businessman Mike Hamra (D) “formed a campaign committee with the Missouri Ethics Commission to run.”

  • NEXT STEPS. Hamra “said Wednesday that he has been considering a run for governor and that forming a committee was ‘the next step in that process.’”
  • BACKGROUND. “Hamra, according to his LinkedIn profile, is president and CEO of Springfield-based Hamra Enterprises, which operates nearly 200 restaurants under the Wendy’s, Panera Bread, Noodles and Co., and Caribou brands.” (St. Louis Post-Dispatch)

Overlooked: Line of Succession
By Kirk Bado

Amid the current chaos consuming Capitol Hill as the speakership remains vacant and House Republicans remain in turmoil, it’s important to recall another crisis of GOP leadership that roiled the House. Fifty years ago today President Nixon nominated House Minority Leader Gerald Ford to succeed Spiro Agnew as his vice president. Agnew was forced to resign from the White House after he pleaded no contest to a felony tax evasion charge. Ford was succeed by Rep. John Jacob Rhodes Jr. (R-AZ) as minority leader in the House. But Rhodes had a rocky tenure. By 1979 he said he would not run for leadership again after the conference soured on his low-key approach to the job.


Inside National Journal Daily

Water projects still a slippery challenge in Indian Country despite millions from infrastructure act
The 2021 law approved millions for tribal improvements but progress is impeded by a lack of skilled workers, high operational costs, and delays.

In crafting AI bill, Congress could learn from its struggles to regulate the internet
Schumer is looking for a sweeping artificial-intelligence bill, but lawmakers have failed even to pass comprehensive internet rules.

OUTLOOK: Scalise closer to speakership after defeating Jordan for nomination, but climb still rocky
Plus: Senators call for Iran funds to be frozen after Hamas attack on Israel, and New York GOP lawmakers band together in an effort to expel Rep. George Santos.


Subscribers can print out the entire Hotline. If you need any assistance, please contact Member Services at 202-266-7900 or [email protected], and we would be happy to help you.

Editor: Kirk A. Bado
Associate Editor: Hannah Thacker
Senior Production Editor: Taameen Mohammad
Staff Writers: Mary Frances McGowan, Zac Weisz, James A. Downs, Sydney Kashiwagi
Hotline Intern: Erika Filter

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